MA, NY, NC Hurricane EDNA, Sept 1954
On September 11, 1954, Hurricane Edna was the right cross delivered to New England in the one-two punch of hurricane landfalls that year. Eleven days before, Hurricane Carol had struck the same area with high winds that had toppled trees and cut off power to thousands. Now Edna brought torrential rains that turned creeks into rivers and rivers into torrents. Many roads, rail lines, and bridges were washed away shutting down traffic in Maine. During its life, Edna caused US$43 million in damage and killed over 20 people.
EDNA EXPECTED TO SKIRT HATTERAS.
Jacksonville, Fla. (AP) -- Hurricane warnings were hoisted at 11 a.m. today from Morehead City, N. C., to the Virginia Capes as Hurricane Edna whirled its 115 mile winds in the direction of Cape Hatteras.
Storm warnings flew north and south of the hurricane area, from Myrtle Beach, S. C., to Eastport, Maine.
GRADY NORTON, chief storm forecaster in the Miami Weather Bureau, ordered the warnings up in an 11 a.m. (EST) advisory and said the center of the tropical storm should pass near but slightly outside of Cape Hatteras by or before midnight.
"Precautions should be taken for very high tides and dangerous winds on the North Carolina and Virginia Capes this afternoon and tonight," he said.
The storm at 11 a.m. (EST) was centered about 225 miles south of Hatteras and moving about 10 miles an hour on a course slightly east of north.
Hurricane force winds extend 100 miles out from the center in the eastern semi-circle and about 50 miles to the west. Gale winds extend outward 150 to 200 miles from the center in all directions.
"Dangerous gales and high tides should be felt along the North Carolina Capes during the afternoon, increasing until the storm passes," said NORTON.
NORTON'S forecasting territory ends at Cape Hatteras and predictions for areas north of there are made at Washington. NORTON was reluctant to discuss the storm's possible effect on the North Atlantic coastal area "because it would tie the responsible forecasters' hands."
Storm warnings were flying from Myrtle Beach, S. C., to Portland, Maine.
Residents of the New York and New England coasts were jittery as the hurricane lumbered in a northerly direction at 10 to 12 miles an hour. NORTON said it will begin to speed up its forward movement during the day.
Small craft all along the coast from South Carolina northward were cautioned to remain in port.
Winds were expected to reach gale force (39 to 54 miles per hour) along the Carolina and Virginia coasts this afternoon and early tonight.
EDNA, named for the fifth letter of the aphabet[sic], had hurricane force winds (75 miles an hour or more) outward from the center 100 miles to the north and east and 50 miles to the west. Gale force winds reached out 200 miles.
Earlier, a high pressure area to the north blocked Edna's forward progress and the big storm inched northward at five to six miles an hour. When the high pressure system moved out to sea, it cleared a path for Edna.
Very rough seas were reported over the Atlantic between the storm area and the coast line.
Two ships rode out the storm as it crept northward off the Florida coast. The SS Fairland, out of Mobile, Ala., put into Miami after passing through the eye of the storm Wednesday. It encountered winds estimated at 120 miles an hour.
The Norwegian steamship Askvin reported herself in the hurricane's "eye" yesterday and asked the Miami Coast Guard to stay tuned to her radio frequency. Later the Coast Guard said the vessel apparently came through safely and continued to Barranquilla.
An "area of suspicion" was reported in the Gulf of Mexico between 900 and 1,000 miles southwest of Miami.
A hurricane hunting plane from Jacksonville was sent out to check the weather disturbance some 200 to 400 miles northeast of Vera Cruz, Mexico.
Forecaster WALTER DAVIS said reports from ships in the area showed winds with "broad circulation" ranging up to 22 miles per hour.
"Possibly there could be something in there," he said.
Thirteen aircraft were transferred last night from the Norfolk, Va., Naval Air Station inland to Danville, Va., to elude the approaching hurricane. Thirty-five more, including a number of four-engined planes, were expected to make the trip early today.
The Robesonian Lumberton North Carolina 1954-09-10